The industry has shown steady growth over the years – in 2018 the national crop increased by 30,000 tonne to over half a million tonnes in total, and generated over a billion dollars in revenue. Potatoes are efficient, adaptable and high yielding. Red King. “Seed” Potatoes Industry body Potatoes New Zealand offers a wide range of support for members including information, advice, and grants for work that explores or develops new markets. The crop will usually be ready to harvest 120-150 days after planting, depending on the variety planted and growing conditions. They can happily grow in windy conditions — in fact, good airflow through the leafy canopy helps manage some pests and diseases. Succession hearings at the Māori Land Court, Transferring ownership through gifting or whānau trusts, Setting up a trust or governance structure, Developing an Investment Policy Statement, Creating and maintaining a register of owners, Communicating with trustees and stakeholders, Putting a kawenata on your whenua with Ngā Whenua Rāhui, Protecting your whenua with a QEII covenant, Funding through the Provincial Growth Fund and the Whenua Māori Fund, Parininihi ki Waitotara: strengthening ties to whānau and whenua, Matuaokore whānau connect with whenua to put the past to rights, Creating kiwifruit gold for Te Kaha landowners, The Ahuwhenua Trophy — Excellence in Māori farming. Growing potatoes really is child's play - here Manawatu school pupils plant them in buckets. Plant seed potatoes (pieces of the whole potato or a small whole potato, with at least 2 eyes per piece) 0-2 weeks after last spring frost. a potato harvester costs between $170,000 and $210,000. The land should also have the right soil structure. for a price that is set by market conditions at that time. If you have a good amount of organic matter in the soil and the pH is neutral to acidic, the potatoes should be happy. As summer stumbles along we’re heading into winter crop planting time and leeks are one crop that are best planted sooner rather than later. Unfortunately, however, numerous farmers each year decide to take the plunge into commercial strawberry growing… and go bust. Potatoes need fertile, well drained soils with good sun. Potatoes require a free draining soil rich in organic matter (compost). Username. Alex McDonald is committed to maintaining long-term and continuing relationships with all New Zealand potato growers whether they are fresh market, crisping or french-fry producers. more time and money spent on cleaning the crop for the market. Working at sites across key potato-growing areas, our potato research focuses on new cultivars with traits desired by the consumer, such as nutritional value, colour and flavour, and increasing quality and productivity for processing - size, shape and cooking quality. Talk to qualified consultants who are experienced in potato growing and other land developments in your area. Learn more. - Tom De Marti. NOURISH Feed your potatoes and they will feed you. As sprouts pop up through the soil continue to cover with garden mix until you reach the top of your container. The industry has shown steady growth over the years – in 2018 the national crop increased by 30,000 tonne to over half a million tonnes in total, and generated over a billion dollars in revenue. Antarctica : Maincrop variety. The secret to growing leeks in New Zealand. Also, see tips on how to store potatoes to keep them fresh—and some homemade potato recipes. Frozen potatoes … Potatoes grow for 120-150 days from the date of planting. In the 3 years to 2017 the average price for open market potatoes varied between $400 and $700 per tonne, depending on: There’s a slight premium for early season potatoes, with at least $500-$600 per tonne expected. Around 25% of our total crop is exported. Potatoes take 14-20 weeks to mature depending on their type. Potato growers will be affected by the NPSFM 2014, and its update in 2019. TomatoesNZ represents the interests of all commercial fresh tomato growers throughout New Zealand. Rocket is a good boiling potato with waxy texture. Our Potato Growing Guide covers planting, growing, and harvesting one of our favorite vegetables! Taewa were introduced to New Zealand in the late 18th century and became a staple Māori food crop before the arrival of European settlers. Potatoes are planted in late winter to late spring, depending on: Talk to your seed merchant for planting advice that suits your land block and the variety you’re planting. ... Christchurch, New Zealand. 20 Feb 20 Tom De Marti (USA - Zone 10a climate) We're looking for red seed potatoes to grow in SoCal. understanding compliance obligations, including nutrient management, the Food Act and New Zealand Good Agricultural Practice (NZGAP). Cliff Kidney performs best in soils that contain peat. Position a seed potato (more than one if the container is big) on top and cover with 10-15cm of potting mix. Data that has not been credited in the body of the fact sheet has been sourced from Statistics New Zealand or provided by the contributors. Also there is a short report Mesh crop covers for pest control in commercial crop production that explains the history of mesh crop covers, their benefits and their current use in commercial production. Some retailers and wholesalers will only take crops from an NZGAP certified supply channel. Testing was conducted in one year only for common scab and mop top (spraing), the rating based on this is a 6 for common scab and a 7 for mop top (spraing). This to make sure the potatoes you’re supplying to the market are safe to eat. New Zealand produces 500,000 tonnes of potatoes a year and is the ninth-biggest exporter of potatoes in the world. Our strongest export market is in frozen chips, thanks to the presence of several major local processing companies. With the trend towards increased processing use of potatoes, growers have oriented their production practices to the type of market in which they expect to sell. You’ll need to understand the technical processes of preparing, planting and monitoring the crop as it grows. Look for “Early potato” varieties like; Illam Hardy, Cliffs Kidney, Jersey Bennes, and Marist Anchor as they usually mature more quickly. Our extensive germplasm collection includes both commercial and non-commercial lines, giving our breeders access to wide genetic variability for parental lines. POTATO GROWING GUIDE GROW A BUMPER CROP OF TASTY POTATOES WITH TUI’S 3 STEPS OF POTATO CARE VARIETY TUBER/SKIN FLESH COOKING DAYS TO HARVEST Rocket Fastest producing of early varieties and provides a good yield. Post your question or advice. The bigger the pot, the better (potatoes need lots of room to grow), but at a minimum it should be 10 gallons (38 L) for 4-6 seed potatoes. That way the you can be confident that the potato will cook as expected. The potato can be grown almost on any type of soil, except saline and alkaline soils. Soil analysis determines fertiliser application and the soil is ridged over the tubers to form rows.The ridging or hilling of the soil protects the tubers from sunlight if they grow … The Foundation for Arable Research (FAR) provides templates that you can use to create an FEP for commercial potato growing. Tests for resistance to potato cyst nematode demonstrated resistance to Globodera rostochiensis Ro1 and susceptibility to Globodera pallida Pa 2/3, 1 and Splitting. A good structure allows good water infiltration into the soil and water drainage through the soil, exchange of gases in and out of the soil, and optimal root development. Talk to the industry organisation to see what support and resources they can offer to people thinking about growing potatoes. Question. The average crop size has increased steadily over the last 20 years and now sits at an average of 64 tonne per hectare. If you are interested in growing strawberries commercially, I really recommend that you start by reading this guide. French fry potatoes ‘Lone Ranger’ and ‘Bondi’. Choose potatoes that have no cuts, bruises, green patches or shoots. Choose a location that gets full sun—at least 6 hours of sunlight each day. Most commercial chemical feeds specific for potatoes are balanced as 2:2:3, that is equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus with half as much again of potash or 3:5:5. cant get them up north here. Potatoes grown in soils with a higher pH seem prone to scab, which produces rough spots on the potato. Growing potatoes really is child's play - here Manawatu school pupils plant them in buckets. The rate is decided by factors like location, soil, and the condition of the land. Is it a good time to get some spuds into the garden be ready for Christmas Day? Commercial growers plant potatoes as a row crop using seed tubers, with specific insecticide and fungicide treatments “in furrow” applied to prevent diseases and pest damage. Māori grew taewa commercially until the late 19th century. In clay soils, the potato plot should be raised or built up some 15cm above the surrounding soil to ensure good drainage. This staggered approach to harvesting allows you to enjoy potatoes at their freshest and tastiest. Potatoes can be grown in a variety of soil types, however alkaline soils and saline soils are not a good fit for potato farming. How to grow potatoes in a pot. Before European settlement, taewa was a staple food crop for Māori. This figure was up from $99m in the 2010 survey. Soil with a pH range of 5.2-6.4 is considered ideal. and a reliable source of rain or irrigation. Where are you? You may be able to hire the equipment in your area, but if not it can be expensive to buy. We're always keen to hear Aotearoa's favourite ways to eat ngā Rīwai. In New Zealand's dry south we can grow grains and I know of some experiments in Northland with rice, but most of us are left with the choice of corn or potatoes… The contract is signed before you plant your crop. Potatoes are sensitive to heavy frosts, which damage them in the ground. Growing potatoes in planter bags is really easy. The yield depends on the variety grown and the growing conditions during the season. Great for growing in containers. With the trend towards increased processing use of potatoes, growers have oriented their production practices to the type of market in which they expect to sell. You will need access to considerably more land if you are purchasing machinery and developing a packhouse. We're always keen to hear Aotearoa's favourite ways to eat ngā Rīwai. An influx of European potato fries into New Zealand has already impacted on domestic growers, with less product planned for growing and staff job losses. my elderly husband grew them for many years, and i would really love to grow them too. This is likely to include: If you're considering growing potatoes for first time, contact Potatoes New Zealand to find out about the support they offer to growers. That resource is an overview of the major aspects involved in starting a commercial strawberry farm. Your pot will also need to contain a sizable drainage hole. Growers choose their varieties based on location, and whether they're growing: Potatoes should be rotated with other crops to manage disease and support soil health — it's best not to grow them in the same field 2 seasons in a row. Hewson Farms, in … Speak to your local council before investing in any detailed planning or development work to ensure you are aware of any consents or permits needed to start growing potatoes on your whenua. The soil needs to be harr… All-purpose potato suitable for mashing, roasting, salads. Half-fill container with Yates Premium Potting Mix. The potato is a very accommodating and adaptable plant, and will produce well without ideal soil and growing conditions. All rights reserved. This fact sheet provides general information to help start and inform conversations. All-purpose potato suitable for roasting, salads, and soups. Our breeders have over 30 years' experience and a number of commercial successes. Māori grew taewa commercially until the late 19th century. As the shoots pop up through the soil mound the soil around the shoots until the potato branches start to flower. In New Zealand there are over 200 potato growers and the growing area is 10,591 hectares. It is not comprehensive enough to support detailed decision-making. Trade Members are actively engaged in processing, trading or retailing New Zealand grown potatoes or potato … More than 50 varieties are grown in New Zealand. As long as your seed potatoes have ‘eyes’, which are shoots on various parts of the potatoes, they can be cut in half and planted. Less than 5 hectares may be unprofitable. Potatoes. Taewa (or rīwai) is a collective name for the varieties of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) cultivated by Māori. Crop rotation is one of the most important and effective pest control methods. PLANT TYPE J First thing you need to decide is what kind of potato you want grow. The Statistics New Zealand Household Economic Survey reported that New Zealand households spent $114.9 million on fresh tomatoes in the year to June 2016, just behind spending on potatoes. A smooth looking potato is not necessarily better than a misshapen one. The main growing regions for processed crops are Gisborne/Hawke’s Bay, Rangitīkei/Manawatū, Marlborough and Canterbury. Growers are supported by Horticulture New Zealand and Potatoes New Zealand. Planting takes place over a 4 – 6 month period depending on potato variety, season and growing region. Great for growing in containers and best for boiling. Potatoes New Zealand can give you advice when you are working out the best option for your whenua. Commercially viable blocks start around 5 hectares. to increase profit per hectare by $150 year on year, by improving productivity, to double the value of all exports by 2025. to increase the value of the domestic market by 50% by 2025. Growing Potatoes. Red Rascal. New research project will provide insight into kiwifruit disease Psa, Scientists are cracking the code to kiwifruit pollination success using a “digital twin”, First apple to be launched from Hot Climate Programme, Message to our customers, collaborators and partners regarding COVID-19, New red kiwifruit cultivar to be released. ©2020 Te Puni Kōkiri. How to grow potatoes in a pot. Tomato potato psyllid (TPP) The use of mesh started in NZ as a means to control the tomato potato psyllid (TPP) on potatoes. There are more than 50 varieties of potato grown commercially in New Zealand, so talk to your seed merchant about the best varieties for your region and the yield you should reasonably expect. Naturally loose soils, which offer the least resistance to enlargement of the tubers, are preferred, and loamy and sandy loam soils that are rich in organic matter, with good drainage and aeration, are the most suitable. (Best months for growing Potato in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions) P = Plant seed potatoes . Some of the key industry-specific compliance obligations are listed below. Dig carefully, avoid damaging the potatoes. You can provide feedback on the content on this or any fact sheet by emailing the Whenua Māori programme: whenuainfo@tpk.govt.nz. The industry's strategic and business plan is available on the Potatoes New Zealand website. They grew vegetables for five firms that processed them into canned or dehydrated products such as tomato paste, frozen vegetables and potato crisps. Other farming inputs required for potato farming business include herbicides, for effective weed control at your farm. more fuel cost to drag heavy, mud-clogged bins, and. Potatoes are just so versatile! Becoming NZGAP certified: Some wholesalers hold NZGAP certification on behalf of the grower. Good potato production starts with good land selection. Try growing them in a bucket or a container. Many councils require consents for access to irrigation water and for other activities related to changing land use. Red Fantasy. Loose soils are good for potato farming business because they offer the least resistance to enlargement of the tubers. The principal crops in order of tonnage are: potatoes, 262,500 tonnes The requirements include rules about how the crop is handled, managing spray residue, and withholding periods. The NPSFM requires regional councils to set leaching limits and require Farm Environment Plans (FEPs) from growers and farmers in Canterbury, Manawatū and Waikato. Potatoes are New Zealand’s second highest vegetable export earner (NZ$94.2 million in 2007). The information in this fact sheet has been contributed by AgFirst, Potatoes New Zealand and Te Puni Kōkiri kaimahi. Like most vegetable crops, potatoes are best suited to flat to rolling land and LUC classes 1-4. Most of New Zealand's potatoes are grown in Canterbury, Auckland, Waikato, Manawatu-Wanganui and Hawke's Bay. For example: The grower needs to understand the technical processes of preparing, planting and monitoring the crop as it grows. Plant seed potatoes (pieces of the whole potato or a small whole potato, with at least 2 eyes per piece) 0-2 weeks after last spring frost. These levies can change, so check their websites to make sure you have the latest information. Wholesalers do not usually offer supply contracts. Even cold weather makes potatoes more sitemap | disclaimer | terms of use, Copyright © 2020 The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited, ‘Purple Heart’, a fresh market potato with high concentrations of antioxidant purple colouring in the flesh and skin, ‘Purple Passion’ with high levels of purple colour in the skin and yellow flesh, High yielding ‘Allura’ for the fresh market, White-fleshed ‘Moonlight’ for general purpose and French fry. The 3 key strategic targets for the industry are: Soil, water and environment are key themes in the strategic plan, with a focus on developing infrastructure and methods to improve the efficiency of water and nutrient use. Commercial potato production is a complex, specialized commercial enterprise that requires a high degree of technical skill and practical experience on the part of the producer. Replenishing nutrients used by your potatoes ensures they will grow to … The main varieties are Russett Burbank, Innovator, Rua, Nadine, Agria, Moonlight, Desiree, Ilam Hardy and Red Rascal. Generally potatoes grow best in deep, loose, loamy soil that is not too rich – 2 parts garden soil to 1 part compost is a good mix for hills and raised beds. Potato Variety Catalogue Since 1950 Alex McDonald Ltd have been growing high health seed potatoes across the Canterbury plains. Round, white White, waxy Good boiling potato with waxy texture. Buy potatoes suited for end use. Punch a few holes in the bottom of the bucket for drainage. Potatoes are susceptible to insect, viral, bacterial and fungal diseases. You don't need a large garden to grow potatoes. The nitrogen and phosphorus will feed the haulm (foliage) and root system with the potash feeding the tubers themselves. All-purpose floury potato suitable for boiling, roasting, salads . Some varieties characteristically have skins which look netted or have eyes in them. a potato planter costs around $45,000, and. Sandy soils are more likely to need irrigation than other soil types. It will tell you: Your contract may include conditions about the quality of the crop and how much the processor will take. The lease contract will include information about: It's important to get advice from qualified, experienced advisors before you commit to leasing your whenua. This guide will show you how to grow them, care for them, and harvest them so you’ll have a good supply of spuds for the pantry. Learn more. What should I look for in good potatoes? Potatoes grow best in cool, well-drained, loose soil that is about 45° to 55°F (7° to 13°C). Care. If you plan to grow more than 6 seed potatoes, go for a barrel-sized pot. Base your harvest date on the availability of equipment and labour, as well as discussions with your wholesaler about what the market’s doing. This may mean extra costs in other areas, such as: Potatoes are grown to be sold either as seed, fresh for the table, or to be processed into potato chips and frozen chips. Taewa were introduced to New Zealand in the late 18th century and became a staple Māori food crop before the arrival of European settlers. Rocket. They will be able to provide detailed, impartial advice on what will (and won't) work on your whenua. The majority of home gardeners growing potatoes fail to add enough fertiliser to enable those yields quoted above to be achieved. It’s also important to test your soil before adding any fertiliser, to make sure you don't add any more than the crop needs. However, if the soil is still significantly moist, allow the cut potatoes to heal for 7-10 days before planting. A typical 120-150 day potato crop will use 500-700mm of water over the growth period. Potatoes prefer a sunny aspect. Tomato potato psyllid (TPP) The use of mesh started in NZ as a means to control the tomato potato psyllid (TPP) on potatoes. The cost of acquiring potato seeds should be included in your potato business plan. • As the sprouts grow, keep adding mix until it is up to the brim of the container. Talk to your local Te Puni Kōkiri office to see how they can support you through your decision-making process. The market rate for land that can support potato production can be up to $2,200 to $3,000 per hectare. However, it is also subject to number of pests and diseases. Quality seed potato is dropped into furrows by a mechanical planter at precise depth and spacing depending on season and varietial preference. Swift potatoes will not discolour or disintegrate on steaming. Plant tuber. Check with the company that you are supplying. Grower Members are actively engaged in the production of potatoes in New Zealand for commercial processing, domestic fresh market, export, or seed who, in the preceding 12 month period, have paid a levy pursuant to the Commodity Levies (Potatoes) Order 2013. If possible, seek out advice from people who grow potatoes in your area as well as knowledgeable suppliers. New Zealand uses more land for growing potatoes than any other crop, with over 10,000 hectares grown by 175 commercial potato growers each year. • Place seed potatoes in Tui Vegetable Mix near the bottom of the container. Early varieties of potatoes can be harvested small as ‘new’ potatoes as soon as the plants begin to flower, then continue harvesting in stages from this point on, leaving the remaining plants to grow on until needed. Grow your potatoes in soil with an acidic pH between 5.0 and 6.0. The Statistics New Zealand Household Economic Survey reported that New Zealand households spent $114.9 million on fresh tomatoes in the year to June 2016, just behind spending on potatoes. Best practice is to then rest the field in pasture for 3-5 years before cropping again. Spraying, fertilising and cultivating the land is typically around $2,200 per hectare. It means you can grow them in a small space and that you don’t have to dig the garden. If you’re short of space, you can grow potatoes in a large pot or even an old bucket. By 2007 over half the New Zealand potato crop was processed, mainly as French fries (chips) and crisps. Our genomics researchers are investigating the molecular control of key traits to inform the breeding programme. Operational costs for a season of growing potatoes depends on the variety you’re growing, and whether you own your own machinery or are using contractors. The soil. Lack of water when tubers are developing will give you a lower yield, with heavier cropping varieties showing the biggest loss. Words: Jane Wrigglesworth . Red King. Half-fill container with Yates Premium Potting Mix. Fresh potatoes can be on retail shelves within hours of coming out of the ground. All growers must meet the requirements of National Programme 1 under the Food Act 2014. New Zealand's potato industry, which is worth $1 billion and amounts to half a million tonnes annually, has been shaken by reports of a huge 2.6 million tonne surplus in … Export of processed potatoes began in 1991 and has grown steadily since. Potatoes can also be found found growing commercially in Otago and Southland. Q&As / Vegetable Gardening / Potatoes / Growing Potatoes. The best yields are achieved when the average daily temperature is between 18oC and 20oC — potatoes don’t grow well in temperatures below 10oC or above 30oC. Seek advice early, before you invest in any design or development. Regional information is sourced from Fresh Facts 2018. Growing potatoes involves extensive ground preparation. All-purpose potato suitable for boiling, chipping and salads. They will be able to provide advice and find out whether your project qualifies for funding. Potatoes are a versatile crop that can be found growing across the main regions of New Zealand. They can even be grown in a pot inside the house - … Currently, the value generated by potatoes in NZ is: Each of these market sectors have domestic and export markets. Plant kumara tubers in sand in a raised bed or pot, keep watered and wait for the shoots to sprout. Potatoes will happily grow in areas that may be too damp for other crops. By the 1800s, it had also become an important commercial crop, playing a key role … Your name. More information about NZGAP is available from their website. The industry is pursuing exciting opportunities in both export and the New Zealand markets, supported by innovation and collaboration with stakeholders and with new partnerships with the Crown and […] New Zealand uses more land for growing potatoes than any other crop, with over 10,000 hectares grown by 175 commercial potato growers each year. Potatoes grow best between 18oC and 20oC. home | search | The New Zealand avocado industry is vibrant and growing with a vision and strategy in place to quadruple sales to $280m and triple productivity by 2023. Which potato variety should I buy? Potatoes planted in the ground will always be more productive, but when short on room, grow them in a bucket – a great use for cracked, broken buckets. Position a seed potato (more than one if the container is big) on top and cover with 10-15cm of potting mix. To prevent the build-up of pathogens in the soil, farmers avoid growing potato on the same land from year to year. New Zealanders love fresh tomatoes. An excellent, firm potato for early cropping. Certified nutrient management advisors can help you manage nutrient levels and leaching in your soils. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 86°F. Commercial potato production is a complex, specialized commercial enterprise that requires a high degree of technical skill and practical experience on the part of the producer. Cover with about 5cm of soil and water well. TomatoesNZ represents the interests of all commercial fresh tomato growers throughout New Zealand. Whether contracting or supplying the open market, you’ll need access to potato planting and harvesting equipment. The best time of planting is when the maximum and minimum temperatures are from 30°C to 32°C and 18°C to 20°C, respectively; The planting period for different potato growing regions is given. As the potato plants develop, apply a light side dressing of a good quality potato fertiliser like Daltons Garden Time Potato Fertiliser which is specifically formulated for all potato and kumara varieties. Preparation is critical to the success of your potato crop. The largest producer is Canterbury, followed by Auckland, Waikato, Manawatu-Wanganui and Hawke's Bay. i have been married for 18 years, and all that time i have searched for Red Dakota seed potatoes. Horticulture New Zealand collects $0.14 per $100 of sales. Bigger tends to be better, with larger blocks giving better profits. Up here in the Hokianga our climate is well suited to growing kumara and we’re not far away from one of the major commercial kumara growing areas down near Dargaville. Monitor the water content of the soil and weigh up the cost of irrigation against the potential loss of yield if the soil begins to dry out.
2020 commercial potato growing nz